Bridgwood & Clarke


Location and period of operation:

Bridgwood & Clarke





Manufacturer of  Earthenware (and especially White Ironstone) at the Churchyard Works in Burslem and the Phoenix Works Tunstall, Stoke-on-Trent, England. 

  • The business started at the Churchyard Works in Burslem.

  • The partners were Jesse Bridgwood of Tunstall and Edward Clarke "whose practical experience greatly increased the reputation of the works". 

  • Much of the output was opaque porcelain or 'white granite' (ironstone) for the American market; "ordinary earthenware in the usual services; artists' goods (patettes, tiles, slabs, saucers, etc.); and door furniture". 

  • In 1861 the business employed 40 men, 15 women, 20 boys and 13 girls.

  • In 1862 they started manufacture at the Phoenix Works in the neighbouring town of Tunstall - as well as continuing at the Churchyard Works in Burslem.

  • Bridgwood died in 1864 (aged about 57) and both the works at Burslem and Tunstall were continued by the surviving partner Edward Clarke.

Subsequently:  Edward Clarke (& Co)



Entry from the 1861 census:

"Jesse Bridgewood, age 54, Earthenware manufacturer employing 40 men 15 women 20 boys 13 girls"



covered white ironstone tureen by Bridgwood & Clarke

Much of their output was opaque porcelain or 'white granite' (ironstone) for the American market



white ironstone plate by Bridgwood & Clarke



transfer decorated water jug by Bridgwood & Clarke
in the Orchid pattern



variation of the Orchid pattern

photo: courtesy Carrie Porter


Water jug in the Chrysanthemum pattern

Bridggwood & Clark produced a number of jugs, 
using the same body, with different transferware patterns
in the aesthetic style which was popular in the late half of the 19th C. 


Marks and initials  used on ware for identification:

All marks were used in the 1857-1864 period

Bridgwood &

B & C

B & C

The name of the pattern is often included with
the marks.

The trade name
"Opaque China" or Opaque Porcelain" 
is sometimes used. 


impressed mark

Several marks occur incorporating the initials
'B & C' or the firm's name in full.


example of impressed and printed mark 
on the same ironstone plate

B. & C. 

ORCHID is the pattern name 

Bridgwood & Clarke
Bridgwood & Clarke
Porcelain Opaque

Porcelain Opaque
Bridgwood & Clarke

variations of the mark of Bridgwood & Clarke
incorporating the Royal Arms

 - click for more on the use of the Royal Arms -


Bridgwood & Clarke mark on a shipwreck piece


1879 map showing the Churchyard  Works


- click picture for information
on the Churchyard Works -


questions/comments/contributions? email: Steve Birks