Felix & Richard Pratt
Location and period of operation:
& Richard Pratt
The company made earthenware, terra cotta, Rockingham ware. They were also famous for the manufacture of decorated pot lids
William Pratt was a master potter at Lane Delph (Fenton) who operated from around 1753 until his death in 1799. The business was continued by his widow with the help of her sons who eventually started up seperate businesses in Fenton.
Felix Edward Pratt and Richard Pratt formed F & R Pratt and their brother John formed his own company eventually teaming up with William Pratt to form J & W Pratt.
"on the north side Mr. Felix Pratt's House and Manufactory, on the site where Mr. T. Heath made dipped Pottery: and who is mentioned with proper respect for his virtues, is in a subsequent part. The present proprietor is notable for affability and promptitude in alleviating the miseries of the distressed."
from the 'History of the Staffordshire Potteries', published in 1829 by Simeon Shaw.
Transfer of the business:-
F & R Pratt was acquired by H. T. Robinson c.1916, and from 1920 it was operating from the Cauldon Place Works as subsidiary of Robinsonís Cauldon Potteries Ltd.
Harrison & Son (Hanley) Ltd purchased Cauldon Potteries Ltd after it went bankrupt in 1933 and so aquired the business of F & R Pratt.
Harrison's owned the Crescent Pottery of George Jones and Sons and from 1936 transfer the F & R Pratt business to the Crescent Pottery in Stoke.
In 1958 E. Brain & Co Ltd aquired the name and Goodwill of F & R Pratt and Coalport China Ltd who bother operated from the Crescent Pottery Works.
In 1976 Wedgwood purchased E. Brain & Co Ltd. thus aquiring Pratt and Coalport. Coalport continued to produce ware which were decorated with 'original Pratt prints'
reference: 'Handbook of British Pottery Manufacturers 1900-2010' by Michael Perry
Selected by the Committee for the Staffordshire Potteries
to exhibit at the Paris Universal Exhibition of 1855
Portrait of Felix Pratt on a china plaque
believed to have been made in 1888
courtesy of R K Henrywood - Staffordshire Potters 1781-1900
F and R Pratt & Co, High Street East
'Business Reference Guide to The Potteries, Newcastle & District'
1898 map showing the works of Fand R Pratt & Co, High Street East
Etruscan pattern stoneware by F & R Pratt
Prattware Jug - Sailors Fairwell
Initials used on ware for identification:
F & R P
F & R P & Co
F & R Pratt & Co
Trade Mark of a nude man with a discus used by F & R Pratt
with or without the name F & R Pratt
used on ware depicting 'Old
generally from 1851-1878
a number of different patterns and shapes
bore the number 123
Pratt's Native Scenery
mark used on blue transfer ware
19th Century Prattware pot lids
No By Heavens Exclaim May I Perish If Ever I Plant In That Bosom A Thorn
the other is decorated with a lady watering cattle
Prattware Pot Lids
The firm of F. & R. Pratt of Fenton was run by Felix Edward Pratt (1813-1894) who saw the commercial possibilities of producing multicoloured pot lids and bases as containers for products such as bear's grease, gentleman's relish, food-stuffs and cosmetics including rouge. Jesse Austin (1806-1879), who had been an apprentice at Davenport before becoming a self-employed artist and engraver, joined Pratt in about 1843.
Between them they produced a substantial and widely varying selection of what we know today as Staffordshire pot lids and, with the success they enjoyed, they went on to produce Prattware, pottery decorated with the same colour pictures, for a period of some 40 odd years.
Austin was a gifted artist and engraver but he had limited imagination and drew inspiration from celebrated paintings, events and other aspects of Victorian life. He painted the designs in watercolour and then etched the copper plates in order to produce the three colour plates and the fourth black key plate.
through a number of take-overs Wedgwood aquired the name and goodwill of both Pratt and Coalport.
Under Wedgwood ownership Coalport continued to produce ware which were decorated with 'original Pratt prints'
Coalport Christmas 1986 Snow Drift - reproduced from original Pratt prints
questions/comments/contributions? email: Steve Birks