Sir Oliver Lodge
... the celebrated scientist was born at Penkhull, Stoke-on-Trent - he achieved world fame for his pioneering work in radio and was the first man to transmit a message by wireless. He also invented electric spark ignition. This focus marks the 150th anniversary of Lodge's birth on June 12, 1851.
Lodge, Sir Oliver Joseph (1851-1940),
British physicist and writer, best known for his contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy.
Lodge was born on June 12 1851 at 'The Views' Penkhull, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire. He was the eldest son of Oliver Lodge and Grace nee Heath. Educated at University College, London. From 1881 to 1890 he was a Professor of Physics at University College in Liverpool.
He was knighted and made a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1902. Lodge's original work in physics includes investigations of lightning, the voltaic cell and electrolysis, and electromagnetic waves. He also studied the nature of the ether, a medium permeating all space, and of the ether drift, the supposed relative motion between the ether and any body within it.
In wireless telegraphy Lodge perfected and named the "coherer" (1894), a radio-wave detector invented by the French physicist Edouard Branly. It was one of the most important types of detector developed before electronic tubes. During his last years Lodge was a firm believer in psychic phenomena.
His writings include The Ether of Space (1909), Raymond (1916), Making of Man (1924), and My Philosophy (1933).
On August 22 1877 he married Mary Marshall, of Brampton House, Newcastle-under-Lyme and they had six sons and six daughters. Lodge died on 22nd August 1940 at Normanton House near Salisbury.
1881 Census entry for the Oliver Lodge household:-
Dwelling: 17 Parkhurst Rd
Census Place: Islington, London, Middlesex, England
Marr | Age | Sex
|Oliver Joseph LODGE||M 29 M||Head||Penkhull, Staffordshire||Dr Of Science Lndn Asst Prof Of Physics ... College Lndn Prof Bedford Clg Lndn|
|Mary F.A. LODGE||M 30 F||Wife||Camberwell, Surrey|
|Infant LODGE||1 m M||Son||Islington, Middlesex|
|Emily GRAHAM||U 58 F||Serv||Wexford, Ireland||Professional Nurse|
|Mary HART||U 27 F||Serv||Shillingstone, Dorset||Domestic Servant Cook|
|Sarah COLLETT||U 18 F||Serv||Cambridge||Domestic Servant Housemaid|
There are Oliver and Lodge Roads in Penkhull and a Lodge Grove at Porthill.
Sources: The way we were, June 2001, John Abberley; Microsoft Encarta; People of the Potteries; 1881 Census.