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Etruscan Flint Mill
Etruscan Flint Mill
pen drawing by Neville Malkin - July 1975

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Listed Buildings in Stoke-on-Trent and area

Etruscan Bone Mill

Lower Bedford Street
Heritage No.
Date Listed
15 March 1993
Building: Etruscan Bone Mill
Description:  Former Bone Mill 1857. brick with Welsh slate roof  

Jesse Shirley's Bone Mill on the Trent and Mersey Canal
Jesse Shirley's Bone Mill on the Trent and Mersey Canal

photo: Steve Birks - 2001

Former Bone Mill. 1857.

Brick with Welsh slate roofs. Complete range of buildings including calcining kiln, bone crushing workshops and engine house.

Calcining kiln to the left, a square section base tapering to cap, adjoining the main workshop range of 2 storeys, with 6 upper windows (one now a door approached up 20th Century steps) with lower windows and door now partly below ground level. Engine house adjoins to the right, with pedimented gables and full hight round arched window.

Inscribed stone in apex reads: "Etruscan Bone Mill 1857 Jesse Shirley". Single storeyed workshop with tiled roof adjoins to the right, and set back behind the engine house, a tall square section chimney.

Inside, all the working equipment survives, restored as a working museum.

Etruria Industrial Museum, Lower Bedford Street, Etruria.
Etruria Industrial Museum, Lower Bedford Street, Etruria.

Today run as an industrial museum by Stoke-on-Trent City Council, Jesse Shirley’s Flint and Bone Mill was built in 1857, alongside the Trent and Mersey Canal. The site includes a flint kiln, working steam engine and grinding pans that had remained in production until 1972.

Jesse Shirley was born in Etruria on 17 November 1848. He was educated at Alfieri's Academy, Northwood, Hanley, and was in partnership with his brother, H. B. Shirley in the firm of Jesse and H. B. Shirley, bone and flint mills, Etruria.

The company started in 1820 and still operates today and is the world's oldest producer of calcined bone ash use in the manufacture of fine bone chine pottery.

In 1837 Jesse Shirley started to supply calcined bone ash to Josiah Wedgwood and Sons Limited. This enabled Jesse Shirley to prosper in Etruria, near to the renowned factory of Josiah Wedgwood.

next: War Memorial, Fenton
previous: Etruria Hall, Etruria

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