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Stoke-on-Trent Districts: Hanley


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Hanley, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire.

Market Square, Hanley
'an archipelago of island sites'

Market Square

Market Square - 1912

The busy streets in the Potteries town of Hanley hears the newsvendor's cry - "Final, City Final" - trade is brisk with dramatic headlines repeated in every conversation. Titanic sunk two miles deep!
1912 Hanley news vendor's cry "The Titanic has Sunk" The Staffordshire town where captain Smith was born.

This picture (by Anthony Forster) is painted with Pidduck's Jewellers behind. On the left is Swinertons  Cafe and the indoor market. At the top of the picture are two public houses The Angel and The Grapes in Town Road. (was High Street)

Market Square 1960-61
Market Square 1960-61

A similar scene to a present market day in Hanley's Market Square.
The large building (indoor market) on the left housed Swynerton's Café and Sherwin's music store was demolished to make way for the Potteries Shopping Centre in 1980.
The buildings in the background are The Angel Hotel and the Grapes, advertising 'Bass only'.

© Staffordshire Past-track

Upper Market Square, Hanley 
Upper Market Square, Hanley 

This view is just at the end of Parliament Row - to the left (just in front of Swinertons cafe is Market Square.

When Market Square was full the traders set up stall in Upper Market Square which was at the junction with Market Street (Parliament Row). Goods were sold from the back of horse-drawn carts.

AMIES shop sold 'Society Boots' and next door was Williams & Bedworth, auctioneers, by 1912 the auctioneers building was turned into The Lyric Electric Theatre - showing silent films (this closed by 1930).

The lack of cars dates this picture at the beginning of the 1900's. Note the tram lines running from the bottom left up Town Road towards St. John's Church. 


The Angel Restaurant:

In 1893: Messrs. Alfred Chew and Co., Wholesale and Family Wine and Spirit Merchants,
13, Market Street, Hanley.......

Angel Restaurant & Wine Stores 1893
13, Market Street, Hanley
Angel Restaurant & Wine Stores 1893

Alfred Chew and Co founded in Hanley in 1887. The Head office was at the Angel, Market Street, Hanley.
By 1893 they had branches in Burslem, Fenton, Longton, Birmingham (three branches), Aston, Nottingham, Derby and Coventry.

Scotch whisky was 21shilings per gallon and Kineraig cigars at 42shilings per dozen.

The Angel Restaurant in the 1970's

In the 1890's the Angel Restaurant "a handsomely fitted up establishment, where luncheons, dinners, suppers and all refreshments are served in first-class style.

Part of the Angel Vaults is still standing today and is used by The Abbey National Building Society.

In 1893: Messrs. Gilman and Cooke, Clothiers and Outfitters, Market Square, Hanley

"In a district like that which surrounds Hanley, there are naturally many diverse classes to be catered for, and through the operations of the firm Messrs. Gilman and Cooke, both the middle and working class population have an opportunity that might otherwise be lacking...."

"Being a corner shop the establishment possesses the advantage of frontage to the High Street as well as to Market Square.... The premises is in the very heart of the town and the centre of its commercial life..." 



Hanley Indoor Market - photo taken on a quiet Sunday, from Market Square
Hanley Indoor Market - photo taken on a quiet Sunday, from Market Square
The whole of the market area was demolished to make way for the Potteries Shopping Centre

Since 1776 Hanley had had full market rights and the indoor market hall, in a 'classical style with Doric columns', the market hall was opened in 1849 on the site of the former Swan Inn.


'District Bank, Hanley. Erected, 1833.'
'District Bank, Hanley. Erected, 1833.'

Showing a Gothic building and other houses/shops in the street.
There are people in the street outside the bank, selling their wares.

© William Salt Library


1970's - National Westminster Bank
1970's - National Westminster Bank
now replaced with a modern building -

The Grapes public house in the process of being demolished.

Pidduck & Son, jewellers:

At the bottom of Market Square and by the junction with Fountain Square was Pidduck & Sons - a famous Hanley jewellers. Their shop first opened in 1841, was refurbished in the 1920's and rebuilt in the 1980's.

Henry Pidduck was the mayor of Hanley in 1864


The Blue Riband is the award received by the ship with the record for the fastest transatlantic crossing it was designed by Henry Pidduck & Sons Ltd.

The Blue Riband was a creation of the transatlantic shipping companies in the 1860s, for the publicity opportunities of possessing the fastest ship. It was represented by a blue pennant flown from the topmast of the ship, until 1935 when Sir Harold Keates Hales (1868-1942), a British politician and owner of Hales Brothers shipping company, initiated a trophy.

The Blue Riband - Hales Trophy
The Blue Riband - Hales Trophy

In 1933, Hales commissioned the trophy to be designed by Henry Pidduck & Sons Ltd., silversmiths of Hanley, Stoke-on-Trent.

The Hales Trophy is made of solid silver and heavy gilt, and stands almost four feet tall, weighs nearly 100 pounds and cost $4,000 to create. The trophy consists of a globe resting on two winged figures if Victory sanding on a base of carved green onyx. An enamelled blue ribbon surrounds the middle of the prize.

The award is decorated with models of old galleons, modern ocean liners and statues of Neptune and Amphitrite, god and goddess of the sea. The trophy is surmounted by a figure depicting Speed pushing a three-stacked liner against a figure symbolizing the forces of the Atlantic. The Atlantic Ocean is represented in blue enamel with the traditional ocean liner route indicated by a red enamelled line.

A view from Market Square looking down to the left through Fountain Square and Crown Bank to Piccadilly. Pidduck's is in the centre of the picture, the clock on the front of the building was famous as a meeting place.



A view from Fountain Square looking into Market Square. To the right is the building of Hanley Indoor Market.

To the left is Pidduck & Sons - the main entrance and frontage was in Market Square. 



next: Fountain Square
previous: early 19th C buildings