Trentham - Stoke-on-Trent
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From History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire, William White, Sheffield, 1851
"Trentham is a small but handsome village, on the east bank of the River Trent, from which it has its name, and on the turnpike road, three miles SSE of Newcastle-under-Lyme, and six miles NNW of Stone.
It has a station on the North Staffordshire Railway, and derives most of
its beauties from its close proximity to the elegant and picturesque seat
of the Duke of Sutherland, the lord of the manor and owner of nearly all
of the parish, which contains 2567 souls and 7236 acres, divided into six
townships, Trentham, Blurton Chapelry, Butterton, Clayton Griffith,
Hanchurch, and Hanford.
The village of Trentham has a large family hotel and posting-house, and most of its houses and cottages have been rebuilt during the last few years, in a neat and uniform manner, in blocks of two or three together, with tasteful gardens.
It was anciently called Trichingham, and had, at an early period of the
Saxon era, a small nunnery, of which St Werburga, sister of Ethelred, King
of Mercia, was abbess. This lady died in 683, and the nunnery seems to
have subsequently gone to decay, but early in the 12th century, it was
refounded as a priory, for canons of the order of St Augustine, by the
second Earl of Chester.
Trentham Hall is the principal residence of the Most Noble George
Granville Leveson Gower, Duke of Sutherland, Marquis of Stafford, Earl
Gower, Viscount Trentham, and Hereditary Sheriff of Sutherland. It is an
elegant mansion, situated near the village in a park of 500 acres. It has
been entirely rebuilt during the last 14 years, and now has an elegant
stone front and a lofty square tower. The late hall was erected about 120
years ago, after the model of Buckingham House, in St James's Park, but it
was considerably altered and improved by the first Marquis of Stafford,
from designs by Holland, who gave a new and imposing feature to the whole.
The present mansion is on a larger and more magnificent plan and the
gardens rank amongst the finest in England.
Butterton is a small township of about 355 acres and 56 inhabitants, two
and a half miles W by N of Trentham. The manor and estate passed from the
late Thomas Swinnerton, Esq, to Lady Pilkington, relict of the late Sir
William Pilkington, Bart, who died in 1850, shortly after he and his lady
had completed the erection of Butterton Hall, which is a large and
handsome structure of mixed architecture, standing near the old hall,
which will shortly be taken down. Lady Pilkington resides at the new hall,
and her eldest son, Sir Thomas Edward Pilkington, Bart, at Chevet Hall,
Clayton-Griffith adjoins the south-western suburbs of Newcastle-under-Lyme,
and has a few scattered houses near the canal.
Hanchurch township has a small village, one mile SW of Trentham, on the
side of an abrupt declivity, upon the summit of which is a square plot of
ground, surrounded by venerable yew trees, and supposed to be the site of
some ancient church or religious house.
The population of Trentham parish (including Blurton chapelry) was as follows:
1831 -- 2344
1841 -- 2567
The parish became part of Stone Union following the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834.
Church of England History
"Trentham Church, St Mary, which was originally part of the monastery, is situated close to the hall, and was rebuilt a few years ago. It is now a handsome edifice. The pulpit cushion and cloth are said to have been once the saddle cloth of the Emperor of Morocco.
The perpetual curacy is in the patronage of the Duke of Sutherland, and incumbency of the Rev. EJ Edwards, MA.
Butterton Church, St Thomas, is a small neat Gothic structure, erected in 1845. It is a perpetual curacy, in the patronage of Lady Pilkington, and incumbency of the Rev William Stone, MA.
A small but neat church (St Matthias) was built at Hanford in 1827. The perpetual curacy is in the patronage of the Duke of Sutherland, and incumbency of the Rev William PH Hutchinson."
Church of England Records
The parish register of the parish church of St Mary & All Saints commences in 1558. The original registers for the period 1558-1956 (with gap 1640-1656) are deposited at Staffordshire Record Office.
Bishops Transcripts, 1670-1852 (with many gaps) are deposited at Lichfield Joint Record Office.
A transcript of the registers for the period 1558-1812 was published in two parts by the Staffordshire Parish Register Society in 1906 and has been reprinted by the Birmingham & Midland SGH.
The register of Hanford, St Matthias, commences in 1828. The original registers remain with the incumbent.
Bishops Transcripts of Hanford, St Matthias, for the period 1828-1868 (with gaps 1840-50) are deposited at Lichfield Joint Record Office.
The Early History of Trentham'
by William Molyneux
Published 1878, by Staffordshire Newspaper Printing Co, Newcastle.
'Trentham and Tittensor. A Portrait in Old Picture Postcards'
by Dennis Morris
Published 1987, by Brampton, Loggerheads.
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