Famous Potters of Stoke-on-Trent
Establishing a factory at Shelton in the early 18th century, he succeeded in producing yellowish-glazed red earthenware decorated with bits of white pipe clay (which he was the first to import from Devonshire); his mode of decorating with such appliqus is called sprigging. Thus, some of the earliest Staffordshire figures in brown and white clay covered with a lead glaze have been attributed to him
Astbury is credited with being the first (1720)
Staffordshire potter to use flint for improving the quality of earthenware
mixture by making it whiter.
Figures now attributed to him reveal variously toned clays, as well as colours clouded to enrich them. He quite possibly originated the popular pew groups; i.e., two or more rigidly posed, salt-glazed stoneware figures, some engaged in such activities as playing bagpipes, wearing stylized costumes and seated on stiff pews. Similar groups of musicians only have also been attributed to him. His other typical figure groups are soldiers and equestrians, rather crude in appearance, modelled by hand after being cast in simple molds. His utilitarian products include mugs, variously shaped bowls, and teapots. He also made agate and marbled wares.
Astbury's son Thomas experimented with the lead-glazed earthenware that was
later called creamware and, improved by the
great Josiah Wedgwood, eventually renamed Queen's
ware. It was developed from the earlier white stoneware body and covered
with a lead glaze
Type of ware produced:
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questions / comments? email: Steve Birks