Stoke-on-Trent - Potworks of the week


contents: 2011 photos


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Unicorn Pottery, Amicable Street, Tunstall 

  • Podmore Walker & Co. c.1850-9 (who also occupied the Swan Bank Pottery). [part of the Unicorn Pottery works were also used by Edward Challinor & Co c.1851-9] 

  • Podmore Walker & Co. were succeeded by Wedgwood & Co. (known for a short time as Podmore, Walker & Wedgwood c.1856-9). Wedgwood & Co. occupied two works - the Unicorn Pottery and the nearby Pinnox Works. 

  • Wedgwood and Co. were the first to use the unicorn trade mark on their pottery. They continued to use the unicorn mark even when they had left the Unicorn Pottery factory. 

  • The Unicorn Pottery Works were rebuilt in 1890 and Hollinshead and Kirkham moved here from their Woodland Street works.

  • Hollinshead and Kirkham continued to operated here until 1956 when the works were purchased by Johnson Bros. (Hanley) Ltd. - who later were purchased by the Josiah Wedgwood Group.   

Unicorn Pottery....... "These were large and important manufactories of general earthenware, situated in Amicable Street and Great Woodland Street,  ..... they were succeeded by Wedgwood & Co, the head of the firm being Enoch Wedgwood. The works were very extensive and gave employment to six or seven hundred persons, occupied an area of about an acre of ground and were among the most substantially built and best arranged in the pottery district. 

The goods produced were the higher classes of earthenware, in which dinner, tea, breakfast, desert, toilet and other services, and all the usual miscellaneous articles were made to a very considerable extent, for the home, Colonial, Continental and American markets.

The quality of the "Imperial Ironstone China" - the staple production of the firm - was of remarkable excellence, both in body and glaze...... They also supplied large quantities of Ironstone china, specially made for the use of ships.

The Unicorn Works were entirely devoted to the production of plain white graniteware for the American trade."

Jewitt's - Ceramic Art of Great Britain 1800-1900

Hollinshead & Kirkham occupied the Unicorn Pottery from 1890 to 1956
Hollinshead & Kirkham occupied the Unicorn Pottery from 1890 to 1956

 

Unicorn Pottery Rebuilt 1890
Unicorn Pottery Rebuilt 1890

 

 

the last remains of the Unicorn Pottery on the corner of the car park on Butterfield Place
the last remains of the Unicorn Pottery on the corner of the car park on Butterfield Place
(was Amicable Place) 
to the right is Tunstall Town Hall and indoor market

photos: Oct 2000

 

this last remaining part of the Unicorn Pottery was demolished to make way for a shopping complex
this last remaining part of the Unicorn Pottery was demolished 
to make way for a shopping complex

 

the view from Butterfield Place in 2000 - the remains the Unicorn Pottery next to a Solicitors office
the view from Butterfield Place in 2000 - the remains the Unicorn Pottery next to a Solicitors office 

the building on the right has been a solicitors for over a 100 years
in 1907 it was E. Hollinshead,  solicitor, commissioner for oaths, deputy county coroner, clerk to the Wolstanton U.D. Council

 

same view  in 2010 - the NEXT shop alongside Woolliscrofts Solicitors office
same view  in 2010 - the NEXT shop alongside Woolliscrofts Solicitors office 

 


Hollinshead & Kirkham

  • From 1872 to 1876 Hollinshead & Kirkham occupied the New Wharf Pottery in Burslem (previously occupied by J. Daniel & Co).

  • In 1876 they moved to the Woodland Pottery in Woodland Street, Tunstall - which was previously occupied by Edmund T. Wood (1860-75).

  • The Unicorn Pottery in nearby Amicable Street was rebuilt and in 1890 they relocated there. Hollinshead & Kirkham ran these works until 1956 when the works were purchased by Johnson Bros. (Hanley) Ltd. 

The famous Clarice Cliff was a lithographer at Hollinshead & Kirkham for 3 years, she attended evening classes in Tunstall and at the age of 17 went to work for another pottery company - A. J. Wilkinson.

 

 

from..... 1907 Staffordshire Sentinel 'Business Reference Guide to The Potteries, Newcastle & District'

Amicable Street

(Scotia Road)

Hollinshead, E ., solicitor, commissioner for oaths, deputy county coroner, clerk to the Wolstanton U.D. Council

Hollinshead and Kirkham, earthenware manufacturers

1 Hope, Christopher, miner 

3 Titterton, Annie, Great Eastern (B.H.) 

7 Murphy, Walter, miner 

9 Meeney, Ann, widow

11 Buckley, John, Market Inn (B.H.)

2 Wallis, William 

4 Leake, Charlotte, widow 

6 Cope, Wm., miner 

8 Mountford, Peter, potter

10 Lunt, Elizabeth, widow 

12 Joynson, Geo., puddler 

14 Duffy, Mrs., widow 

16 Harley, Jos., potter

18 Bebbington, William, H . labourer

20 Sayer, M. A., widow 

 

—Here is Scotia Road—

 


 

1947 map showing the pottery works in Tunstall town centre 
1947 map showing the pottery works in Tunstall town centre 

7 Hollinshead & Kirkham

8 Johnson Bros. (Hanley), Ltd.

10 W. H. Grindley & Co., Ltd.

11 Thos. Dean & Sons, Ltd.

12 A. G. Richardson & Co., Ltd.

 

Amicable Street (now Butterfield Place) on a 1898 map
Amicable Street (now Butterfield Place) on a 1898 map
Hollinsead and Kirkham Unicorn Pottery is on Amicable Street
the previous works they occuplied can be seen in Woodland Street 
 

 

Butterfield Place - Google maps 2009
Butterfield Place - Google maps 2009  
Hollinshead and Kirkham Unicorn Pottery is now part of a retail complex
the Woodland Pottery is a car park

many of the street names have changed. e.g....
Amicable Place - now Butterfield Place
Station Road - now The Boulevard
Market Square - now Tower Square

 


Wedgwood & Co  trade mark c.1860-1900

Wedgwood & Co  trade mark c.1860-1900
when they occupied the Unicorn Pottery

 

Wedgwood & Co  trade mark 1936+

Wedgwood & Co  trade mark 1936+

- they still used the unicorn as one of their trade marks
even though they left the Unicorn Pottery by 1890 - 


 

 

Hollinshead and Kirkham serving bowl in the Davenport pattern
Hollinshead and Kirkham serving bowl in the Davenport pattern

 

 

Hollinshead and Kirkham small vase
Hollinshead and Kirkham small vase

 

 

Hollinshead and Kirkham back stamps using the unicorn mark   Hollinshead and Kirkham back stamps using the unicorn mark
Hollinshead and Kirkham back stamps using the unicorn mark

 


1907 advert for Hollinshead and Kirkham
1907 advert for Hollinshead and Kirkham

from..... 1907 Staffordshire Sentinel 'Business Reference Guide to The Potteries, Newcastle & District'

 

 

 


 


contents: 2011 photos

 

 

Related pages 


Tunstall - one of the six towns of Stoke-on-Trent


also see..

Advert of the Week
Photo of the Week