Longton - one of the Six Towns of Stoke-on-Trent
Tunstall Burslem  Hanley  Stoke-upon-Trent Fenton  Longton

 

 


"Bennett referred to Longton as Longshaw in his Five Town Novels. It is the least mentioned of the Pottery towns in his Five Town novels . Bennett compared the conurbation as being akin to Hell. Pictures of the area during its industrial growth defy belief with smoke pouring from a multitude of chimneys in amongst bottle ovens of various shapes and sizes. The great concentration of these ovens and the situation of Longton being in a slight hollow, made it the most polluted of all the pottery towns."

 Arnold Bennett
| Arnold Bennett's Longton

Anchor Works, Longton - corner of Sutherland Road and Anchor Road
Anchor Works, Longton - corner of Sutherland Road and Anchor Road
the body of the bottle kilns is in the range buildings with just the chimney showing

 


Longton is the newest of the six towns and was originally laid out as an agricultural village in the thirteenth century.
In 1759 the main road from Derby to Newcastle, through Uttoxeter, was built which gave the town of Longton a boost when the pottery industry began to appear in the town. Small numerous pot works gave the new town a distinctive irregular appearance with pot banks lining the main streets jumbled in and around houses of the workers employed in the ceramic industry.

Longton was at the end of a lane which ran from Tunstall to a village at the end of the lane, hence Longton was known as Lane End, and colloquially as 'Neck End'.

Until the last decade of the 18thC it was known only for its coal mines and iron works but from the 19thC it developed into a major centre for the production of bone china.

Lord of the Manor - The Duke of Sutherland and John E Heathcote, Esq, own a great part of the land in both liberties, and the latter is lord of the manor, and owner of Longton Hall 


"LANE END, a populous and thriving market-town, and with LONGTON, forms an extensive township, situated five miles south-east of Newcastle,, at the southern extremity of the Potteries, and has risen in a few years by the almost magical influence of a prosperous manufacture to a respectable degree of opulence.
By the parliamentary returns for 1821, the township of Lane End and Longton contained 7,100 inhabitants, but a census taken by the Rev. Mr. Temple, in 1826, the population had increased to 8,500 persons."
1828 journal

"As early as 1756, a manufactory of English porcelain was established here, and ware of great lightness and beauty was produced, fully equaling that for which Chelsea was famous. It will thus be seen that Longton deserves to rank with Burslem as one of the historic towns of the Potteries. Longton, which is situated in the extreme south of the district, is connected by the Stoke and Derby branch of the North Staffordshire Railway with the great trunk lines of England, and so enjoys excellent facilities for transport purposes."
1893 journal


Dates in the history of Longton

1789 - Longton's Times Square laid out.

1811 - Population - Longton: 4930

1844 - Longton's first Town Hall built, soon replaced in 1863.

1865 - Longton created a borough.

1863 - Longton Town Hall replaced,  by the present building in Times Square.

1911 - Population - Longton: 37,479

Dates in the history of Stoke-on-Trent

Facts about Longton from old journals

The canal from Manchester and Liverpool to London passes within two miles of this town, and a small rivulet runs through it, upon which are several flint mills. 

LANE END and LONGTON are two townships, forming a populous and thriving market town, in the parish of Stoke; situate at the southern extremity of the Potteries, four miles south east from Newcastle, on the road between that town and Uttoxeter. This place has risen to opulence and importance, within a comparatively few years, by the prosperous manufactures which distinguish this district.

The town is in the parish and parliamentary borough of Stoke-upon-Trent. Including its southern suburbs in Blurton and Normacott.


 

"Walks" and articles on Longton
and the surrounding area

Lane End - 'Longton is Longton and Lane End will never be'.
 

A walk around Longton cemetery - Following a competition in 1872 for the design of the lay-out, Longton Cemetery opened in 1877 and covers approximately 7.4 hectares (about 21 acres).  It has been extended a total of  four times.

Longton is like a tureen of soup - itís a big mix of essential ingredients added over a long time... but...
Normacot Road, Longton - Normacot Road was once an important thoroughfare from Normacot to Longton Town. Many of the houses and works were demolished between the 1930's and the 1970's and the opening of the A50 road in 1997 meant that the end of Normacot Road was sealed off - so now it is a road to nowhere.
Dresden & the Longton Freehold Land Society - A walk round the Dresden Estate showing how it came into existence in the middle of the 19th C and the development during the Victorian period.
 
Blurton - hunting land for the Dukes of Sutherland - According to an 1851 local gazetteer Blurton was Ďa pleasantly situated village above Trentham including the Lightwood Forest, the hamlets of Cocknage, Cold Ridding, and Spratslade.í 
 
The bridle path, Dresden - a short trip off the beaten path.
 
Dresden & the Longton Freehold Land Society - A walk round the Dresden Estate showing how it came into existence in the middle of the 19th C and the development during the Victorian period.
 
Moneto House, Ricardo Street, Dresden
 
Bridle Path, Dresden - When the Longton Freehold Land Society bought the land a bridle path leading from Longton to Trentham ran across the land. This was incorporated into the building plan as a pedestrian road between Belgrave Road and Ricardo Street.  Following this bridle path will take us on a walk through the history of British social reform politics.
 


 

Of the older pottery firms like Turner or Hilditch, only one, Aynsley survives. 

List of potters who were located in Longton


Longton  from W. Yates' A Map of the County of Stafford, 1775
Burslem
from W. Yates'
A Map of the County of Stafford,
1775
- click for bigger map -
 

maps on Longton

 

 
Longton Town Hall
Longton has had two Town Halls 
on Longton's Town Halls
 

Bottle Kilns:

Kilns at Gladstone
There are 20 bottle & calcining kilns left in Longton.


Arnold Bennett
Arnold Bennett called the town "Longshaw"
on Bennett



Longton
Arms
on Longton's arms


Trade gazetteer entries on Longton 

Longton cemetery was opened in 1877 as a cemetery and recreation park. 


Listed buildings in Longton

"Longton has - to date, for the time being - preserved more of the Georgian-type pottery offices and warehouses and more of the kilns than the other towns in the Potteries"

Pevsner and the buildings of Longton

Historical Longton
Longton Churches
Longton Pubs
Longton Streets

Postcards of Burslem...

Market Street



St. James


 
The Sir Robert Peel pub