Wedgwood & Co (Ltd)

Enoch Wedgwood (Tunstall) Ltd






 

Location and period of operation:

Wedgwood & Co (Ltd)

Tunstall

1860

1965

Enoch Wedgwood (Tunstall) Ltd

Tunstall

1965

1980

Earthenware manufacturers at the Unicorn Pottery and Pinnox Works in Tunstall, Stoke-on-Trent

NOTE: 
The ware of Wegwood & Co are sometimes confused with those of Josiah Wedgwood & Sons Ltd. However the inclusion of "& Co" or "& Co Ltd" in the name always differentiates between the two companies as Josiah Wedgwood never used "& Co". 

  • Enoch Wedgwood (a distant cousin of Josiah Wedgwood) became a partner in Podmore, Walker & Co. in 1835 and in 1856 the business was renamed Podmore, Walker, Wedgwood & Co. 

  • Following the death of Thomas Podmore in 1860, Enoch Wedgwood inherited shares in the interests of the business left to him by Podmore, the partnership was dissolved and became Wedgwood & Co.

  • Enoch Wedgwood took his younger brother Jabez into partnership.

  • By the 1870's the company was employing between 600 and 700 men. 

  • Enoch died in 1879 and was succeeded by his sons Edmund and Alfred Enoch Wedgwood who ran the business until 1900 when family control ceased. 

  • The company did not have the same drive under the two sons and in 1890 Hollinshead and Kirkham took over the Unicorn Works.

  • In 1900 the firm became a limited company and effective control passed out of the hands of the Wedgwood family. The new money and management put new life into the company and up to 1950 great efforts were put into regaining their former markets, largely by playing to the company's strengths in producing high quality goods.

  • In 1965 the company was sold to Semart Importing Co. based in New Jersey, USA and refloated as Enoch Wedgwood (Tunstall) Ltd. Semart was an importer of tableware and at the same time as buying Wedgwood & Co. purchased Crown Staffordshire China Co

  • In 1969 Enoch Wedgwood (Tunstall) Ltd. purchased the Furnivals name together with the rights to a number of patterns which were marked under the Furnivals name. 

  •  In order to expand production facilities the business of A G Richardson was purchased in 1974. Although A G Richardson ceased to exist, the use of their Crown Ducal name and some patterns was continued by Enoch Wedgwood for a few years.

  • In 1980 Josiah Wedgwood & Sons Ltd (who, up to this point had nothing to do with Wedgwood & Co.) purchased Enoch Wedgwood and it operated within the Wedgwood Group as the 'Unicorn Pottery'. 

 

Previously Podmore, Walker and Co 

Taken over by Wedgwood Group and renamed Unicorn Pottery 1980.

[ see "Confused by Wedgwood?" ]

 


 

Unicorn Pottery and Pinnox Works

"These were large and important manufactories of general earthenware, situated in Amicable Street and Great Woodland Street,  ..... they were succeeded by Wedgwood & Co, the head of the firm being Enoch Wedgwood. 
The works were very extensive and gave employment to six or seven hundred persons, occupied an area of about an acre of ground and were among the most substantially built and best arranged in the pottery district. 

The goods produced were the higher classes of earthenware, in which dinner, tea, breakfast, desert, toilet and other services, and all the usual miscellaneous articles were made to a very considerable extent, for the home, Colonial, Continental and American markets.
The quality of the "Imperial Ironstone China" - the staple production of the firm - was of remarkable excellence, both in body and glaze...... They also supplied large quantities of Ironstone china, specially made for the use of ships.

The Unicorn Works were entirely devoted to the production of plain white graniteware for the American trade.

Messrs. Wedgwood & Co. became a limited company in 1900 and continued to use this old title until 1965, when the new style Enoch Wedgwood (Tunstall) Ltd. was adopted to avoid the confusion which often arose between the old title (and marks) and that of Josiah Wedgwood & Sons Ltd."

 Jewitt's - Ceramic Art of Great Britain 1800-1900

 

 

 


 


Wedgwood & Co
Pinnox & Unicorn Works, Tunstall

 The Pottery Gazette, American and Canadian Edition, January 1st 1880

 



Wedgwood & Co
Pinnox & Unicorn Works, Tunstall

Printed ware on white and Ivory, Decorated table, tea and toilet ware
WHITE GRANITE

The Pottery Gazette,  January 1885

 


 




Initials used on ware for identification:

WEDGWOOD & CO
(impressed mark, 1860+)

WEDGWOOD & CO. LTD.
(impressed mark, 1900+)

 

TRADE NAMES:

IMPERIAL PORCELAIN
QUEEN'S IVORY
WACOLWARE
WACOL IMPERIAL
EVERWARE
ROYAL TUNSTALL
VITRILAIN
SEMI ROYAL PORCELAIN


click on the links below for more on this potter

   



This mark, with the initials, AMS
occurring in the bow knot type outline
was found on a dinner service made by Wedgwood & Co
of Tunstall - the service bore the registration mark
for June 1880. The initials probably relate to the retailer.
From "Godden's Encyclopedia of pottery marks"

Note: the above mark also found on these cups:


 


Questions, comments, contributions? email: Steve Birks