index of potters initials
list of Stoke-on-Trent potters
What does A B C mean on pottery?
British pottery industry and the Second World War
|Wartime Concentration Scheme
|Examples of Wartime Concentration Scheme licence marks
|The Domestic Pottery (Manufacture and Supply) Order, 1945
|Re-opening of Closed Potteries
|Licences for the manufacture of fancies for domestic sale
|Adverts referencing wartime restrictions
"A.B.C." Pottery Firms
The Second World War proved a particularly difficult period for the British pottery industry because
severe restrictions were placed on the production of decorated pottery.
The process was initiated in the autumn of 1941, but by the summer of 1942 they were extended to restrict the sale of decorated pottery in the home market. Some restrictions were relaxed in 1945 and subsequent years but they were not fully lifted until August 1952.
For more details, see: Ten Plain Years: The British Pottery Industry 1942-1952, Kathy Niblett, Journal of the Northern Ceramic Society Volume 12 1995, pp175-213
Examples of Wartime Concentration Scheme licence marks:
Crown Ducal - the trade name of A G Richardson
the mark on the left is the 'normal' mark, the one on the
right has the Wartime Concentration Scheme licence letter B
Marks of the Empire Porcelain Company
mark on the left dates March 1948
mark on the right dates January 1952
The Domestic Pottery (Manufacture and Supply) Order, 1945:
The firms on the following pages have been licensed to make undecorated domestic earthenware under the above Order. They are grouped according to the maximum prices which may be charged for their ware, having regard to their costs of production.
Under the second schedule of the above Order, the manufacture of undecorated domestic pottery is restricted to the following articles made:—
that is to say:-
In addition, there are two further groups for jugs and pudding bowls only, Groups V and
Licensing the manufacture of domestic pottery by closed-down firms:
Gazette and Glass Trade Review, August, 1945
"The British Pottery Manufacturers' Federation and the Non-Nucleus Potters' Association have been notified by the Board of Trade that as part of the Board's general policy of sanctioning re-opening of closed firms, as and when premises and labour become available, it has now been decided to licence the manufacture of domestic pottery by closed-down firms as soon as they are in a position to produce ware.
In giving this intimation to the closed-down firms the Board of Trade point out that before permission is given to re-open it must be clearly understood:-
All applications for permission to reopen should, in the first instance, be sent to the Board of Trade Regional Controller of the Area in which the closed-down firm is situated. The address for the Stoke-on-Trent area is Mr. A. Heckle, Regional Controller, Board of Trade, C.M.L. Building, Great Charles Street, Birmingham, 3.
Granting of licences for the manufacture of fancies for sale in the home market:
Pottery Gazette and Glass Trade Review, August, 1945 p.475
Examples of adverts referencing wartime restrictions:
Pottery Gazette and Glass Trade Review - April 1944 p.223
the china of distinction
Pottery Gazette and Glass Trade Review - April 1944 p.202
Copelands Grosvenor China
Still a Name to Remember
Wedgwood & Co
Pottery Gazette Reference Book 1947 p.215
Questions, Comments, Contributions? email: Steve Birks