Edward Clarke






 

Location and period of operation:

Edward Clarke (& Co)

Tunstall

c1865

1877

  Longport c1877 1880

 

Burslem

c1880

1887

 

Manufacturer of Earthenware (and especially White Ironstone ware) at various locations in Stoke-on-Trent, England.
  • Edward Clarke was previously in business with Jesse Bridgwood. When Bridgwood died in 1864 both the works at Burslem and Tunstall were continued by Edward Clarke.

  • c.1865 to 1877 at the Phoenix Works, Tunstall  

  • c.1877 to 1880 at the New Bridge Works, Longport

  • c.1880 to 1887 at the Churchyard Works in Burslem 

 

Formerly: Bridgwood & Clarke  

 

Phoenix Works, Tunstall

"..the (Phoenix) works passed into the hands of Mr. Bridgwood, by whom (being joined in partnership by Edward Clarke in 1858) they were carried on under the style of Bridgwood & Clarke. Mr. Bridgwood dying in 1864, Mr. Clarke became sole proprietor and carried on the concern until 1877, when he removed to the New Bridge Works, at Longport, and later to the Churchyard Works at Burslem. 

The marks used were EDWARD CLARKE impressed on the body of the ware, and the royal arms with supporters, garter, motto, etc., above a flowing ribbon on which are the words EDWARD CLARKE. PORCELAIN OPAQUE, and beneath, TUNSTALL. Edward Clarke continued at Burslem until about 1887."

Churchyard Works, Burslem

"About that period Mr. Bridgwood, of Tunstall, became the tenant of the (Churchyard) premises as a general earthenware manufacturer, and was soon afterwards joined in partnership by Mr. Edward Clarke, whose large practical experience tended much to increase the reputation of the works. This firm, having taken a lease of the premises, remodelled many of the buildings, and erected others, and greatly improved the whole place by bringing to bear many improvements in body unknown and unthought of by their predecessors. 

After Mr. Bridgwood's decease, which took place in 1864, these works, and the large establishment at Tunstall, were carried on by the surviving partner, Mr. Clarke, until after a time he ceased working them, when they passed into other hands as his tenants. ....The productions of the Churchyard Works, while carried on by Mr. Clarke, were opaque porcelain of the finest and hardest quality (known as "white granite"), for the American market, and ordinary earthenware of the finest quality in the usual services ; many of the services, &c., being embossed in excellently designed patterns, and others artistically painted and gilt. One of the notable features was artists' goods (palettes, tiles, slabs, saucers, &c.), and door furniture, both black, white, and highly gilt and decorated. The impressed mark was " Bridgwood and Clarke," and the printed mark a royal arms, with the words " Porcelain Opaque, B & C, Burslem.""

New Bridge Works, Longport. 

"This manufactory, spoken of ... 'as one of those carried on by Messrs. W. Davenport and Son', in 1877 passed into the hands of Mr. Edward Clarke, formerly of the Church Yard Works at Burslem, and of the Phcenix Works 
at Tunstall ...., who removed thither from the last named place. In that year Mr. Clarke took into partnership Mr. F. J. Emery, the inventor of the process of crayon drawing and painting on the bisque surface, ....
Mr. Clarke, whose productions both at Burslem and at Tunstall are spoken of in other parts of this volume, produces the finest, hardest, and most 
durable earthenware in " white granite " for the American markets, where it takes and maintains the highest rank. He also produces all the usual services in various styles of decoration, for the home trade. The mark used by the new firm is the name " EDWARD CLARKE & CO."" 

Jewitt's Ceramic Art of Great Britain 1878

 


 


the plate on the left has the Longport mark and the platter on the right has the earlier Tunstall mark  

 


 


Edward Clarke white ironstone jug - Longport

 


 

White ironstone chamber pot - Edward Clarke - Burslem
White ironstone chamber pot - Edward Clarke - Burslem

 


 


small ironstone dish with the later Burslem mark 

 


 

Marks used on ware for identification:

EDWARD CLARKE

EDWARD CLARKE & CO

ROYAL SEMI-
PORCELAIN

PORCELAIN
OPAQUE

STONE CHINA


 

Often the name of the town was also added to the mark
and this is a guide to the date of manufacture:

TUNSTALL: c.1865-77
LONGPORT: c.1877-80
BURSLEM: c.1880-87

 


 


Edward Clarke
Tunstall

c.1865-77

Use of the Royal Arms by Edward Clarke in the style of the
previous "Bridgwood & Clarke"

on the use of Royal Arms

 


 

this style of mark was often used for ware exported to America
the shield on the left represented the stars and stripes of the USA
and the shield on the right is the shield of the Royal Arms of the UK  

 


 

printed mark with Tunstall address
Edward Clarke
Tunstall 

c.1865-77


Edward Clarke
Longport, England 

c.1877-80


Edward Clarke
Burslem, England 

 c.1880-87

 


 


Edward Clarke
Burslem
England 

  fragment of white ironstone found on an old ranch in California, US

 


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